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亚博yabo嬈㈣繋鎮紒浠婂ぉ鏄細
鏇寸粡嫻庛€佹洿鐜繚銆佹洿涓撲笟鐨勫杺綰跨悆鍖栵紙锠曞寲錛夊瓡鑲插拰鍚堥噾閽€佸悎閲戦摳鈥?
17縐嶇█鍦熺敤閫斾竴瑙堬紝瓚呭叏鏀惰棌
鏉ユ簮錛氭潗鏂欑瀛︿笌宸ョ▼銆€ 闃呰錛?script language="javascript" src="/aspx/getinfobrowsetime.aspx?infoid=487&p=1">嬈°€€ 鏃墮棿錛?020-03-30

17縐嶇█鍦熺敤閫斾竴瑙堬紝瓚呭叏鏀惰棌

涓€涓父鐢ㄧ殑姣斿柣鏄紝 濡傛灉璇寸煶娌規槸宸ヤ笟鐨勮娑詫紝閭g█鍦熷氨鏄伐涓氱殑緇寸敓绱犮€?/span>

紼€鍦熸槸涓€緇勯噾灞炵殑綆€縐幫紝鍖呭惈鍖栧鍏冪礌鍛ㄦ湡琛ㄤ腑闀с€侀搱銆侀暔絳?/span>17 縐嶅厓绱狅紝鐩墠宸茶騫挎硾搴旂敤浜庣數瀛愩€佺煶鍖栥€佸喍閲戠瓑浼楀棰嗗煙銆傚嚑涔庢瘡闅?/span>3-5 騫達紝縐戝瀹朵滑灝辮兘澶熷彂鐜扮█鍦熺殑鏂扮敤閫旓紝姣忓叚欏瑰彂鏄庝腑錛屽氨鏈変竴欏圭涓嶅紑紼€鍦熴€?/span>

涓浗紼€鍦熺熆钘忎赴瀵岋紝闆勮笧鐫€涓変釜涓栫晫絎竴錛氬偍閲忕涓€錛岀敓浜ц妯$涓€錛屽嚭鍙i噺絎竴銆傚悓鏃訛紝涓浗榪樻槸鍞竴涓€涓兘澶熸彁渚涘叏閮?/span>17縐嶇█鍦熼噾灞炵殑鍥藉錛岀壒鍒槸鍐涗簨鐢ㄩ€旀瀬鍏剁獊鍑虹殑涓噸紼€鍦燂紝涓浗鍗犳湁鐨勪喚棰濊浜鴻壋緹°€?/span>

紼€鍦熸槸瀹濊吹鐨勬垬鐣ヨ祫婧愶紝鏈?/span>“宸ヤ笟鍛崇簿”“鏂版潗鏂欎箣姣?rdquo;涔嬬О錛?/span> 騫挎硾搴旂敤浜庡皷绔鎶€棰嗗煙鍜屽啗宸ラ鍩熴€傛嵁宸ヤ笟鍜屼俊鎭寲閮ㄤ粙緇嶏紝鐩墠紼€鍦熸案紓併€佸彂鍏夈€佸偍姘€佸偓鍖栫瓑鍔熻兘鏉愭枡宸叉槸鍏堣繘瑁呭鍒墮€犱笟銆佹柊鑳芥簮銆佹柊鍏翠駭涓氱瓑楂樻柊鎶€鏈駭涓氫笉鍙己灝戠殑鍘熸潗鏂欙紝榪樺箍娉涘簲鐢ㄤ簬鐢靛瓙銆佺煶娌瑰寲宸ャ€佹不閲戙€佹満姊般€佹柊鑳芥簮銆佽交宸ャ€佺幆澧冧繚鎶ゃ€佸啘涓氱瓑銆?/span>

鏃╁湪 1983 騫達紝鏃ユ湰灝卞嚭鍙頒簡紼€鏈夌熆浜ф垬鐣ュ偍澶囧埗搴︼紝鍏跺浗鍐?/span>83% 鐨勭█鍦熸潵鑷腑鍥姐€傚€煎緱涓€鎻愮殑鏄紝鏇炬湁濯掍綋鎶ラ亾縐幫紝鏃ユ湰鍦ㄨ喘寰楀ぇ閲忕█鍦熷悗錛屽茍涓嶆€ヤ簬浣跨敤錛岃€屾槸灝嗕箣瀛樹簬嫻峰簳錛屼互搴斿鏈潵鑳芥簮涔嬮渶銆?/span>

鍐嶇湅緹庡浗錛屽畠鐨勭█鍦熷偍閲忎粎嬈′簬涓浗錛屼絾鍏朵粠 1999 騫村紑濮嬶紝灝遍噰鍙栧皝瀛樼瓑鎵嬫閫愭鍋滄寮€閲囨湰鍥界█鍦熻祫婧愶紝杞€屼粠涓浗澶ч噺榪涘彛銆?/span>

閭撳皬騫沖悓蹇楁浘璇達細“涓笢鏈夌煶娌癸紝涓浗鏈夌█鍦熴€?rdquo;鍏惰瘽璇殑寮﹀涔嬮煶涓嶈█鑰屽柣銆傜█鍦熶笉浣嗘槸涓栫晫涓?/span>1/5 楂樼鎶€浜у搧蹇呭鐨?ldquo;鍛崇簿”錛屾洿鏄湭鏉ヤ腑鍥藉湪涓栫晫璋堝垽妗屼笂鐨勪竴寮犲己鏈夊姏鐨勫簳鐗岀鐮併€備繚鎶ゅ茍縐戝鍒╃敤濂界█鍦熻祫婧愶紝涓嶈瀹濊吹鐨勭█鍦熻祫婧愮洸鐩幢鍗栧嚭鍙hタ鏂瑰浗瀹訛紝鎴愪負榪戝勾鏉ヨ澶氫粊浜哄織澹懠鍚佺殑涓€欏瑰浗瀹舵垬鐣ャ€傞倱灝忓鉤鍦?/span>1992 騫村氨涓€璇亾鏄庝簡涓浗紼€鍦熷ぇ鍥界殑鍦頒綅銆傚叏鐞?/span>97% 鐨勭█鍦熶緵搴旈噺鏉ヨ嚜涓浗錛岃タ鏂規媴蹇冨涓浗紼€鍦熻祫婧愮殑榪囧垎渚濊禆銆備絾鏄█鍦熸槸涓浗鐨勮祫婧愶紝涓浗鏈夋潈澶勭疆錛屾棤闇€鍦ㄦ剰嬈х編鐨勪笉婊℃€佸害銆?/span>

17縐嶇█鍦熺敤閫斾竴瑙?/span>

1 闀х敤浜庡悎閲戞潗鏂欏拰鍐滅敤钖勮啘

2閾堝ぇ閲忓簲鐢ㄤ簬姹借濺鐜葷拑

3闀ㄥ箍娉涘簲鐢ㄤ簬闄剁摲棰滄枡

4閽曞箍娉涚敤浜庤埅絀鴻埅澶╂潗鏂?/span>

5閽蜂負鍗槦鎻愪緵杈呭姪鑳介噺

6閽愬簲鐢ㄤ簬鍘熷瓙鑳藉弽搴斿爢

7閾曞埗閫犻暅鐗囧拰娑叉櫠鏄劇ず灞?/span>

8閽嗙敤浜庡尰鐤楁牳紓佸叡鎸垚鍍?/span>

9閾界敤浜庨鏈烘満緲艱皟鑺傚櫒

10閾掑啗浜嬩笂鐢ㄤ簬嬋€鍏夋祴璺濅華

11闀濈敤浜庣數褰便€佸嵃鍒風瓑鐓ф槑鍏夋簮

12閽敤浜庡埗浣滃厜閫氳鍣ㄤ歡

13閾ョ敤浜庝復搴婅瘖鏂拰娌葷枟鑲跨槫

14闀辯數鑴戣蹇嗗厓浠舵坊鍔犲墏

15闀ョ敤浜庤兘婧愮數姹犳妧鏈?/span>

16閽囧埗閫犵數綰垮拰椋炴満鍙楀姏鏋勪歡

17閽父鐢ㄤ簬鍒墮€犲悎閲?/span>

璇︾粏鎯呭喌濡備笅錛?/span>

1

闀э紙 La 錛?/span>

“闀?rdquo;榪欎釜鍏冪礌鏄?/span>1839 騫磋鍛藉悕鐨勶紝褰撴椂鏈変釜鍙?ldquo;鑾寰?rdquo;鐨勭憺鍏鎬漢鍙戠幇閾堝湡涓惈鏈夊叾瀹冨厓绱狅紝浠栧€熺敤甯岃厞璇腑“闅愯棌”涓€璇嶆妸榪欑鍏冪礌鍙栧悕涓?ldquo;闀?rdquo;銆?/span>

闀х殑搴旂敤闈炲父騫挎硾錛屽搴旂敤浜庡帇鐢墊潗鏂欍€佺數鐑潗鏂欍€佺儹鐢墊潗鏂欍€佺闃繪潗鏂欍€佸彂鍏夋潗鏂?/span>(鍏扮矇)銆佽串姘㈡潗鏂欍€佸厜瀛︾幓鐠冦€佹縺鍏夋潗鏂欍€佸悇縐嶅悎閲戞潗鏂欑瓑銆傞暓涔熷簲鐢ㄥ埌鍒跺璁稿鏈夋満鍖栧伐浜у搧鐨勫偓鍖栧墏涓紝鍏夎漿鎹㈠啘鐢ㄨ杽鑶滀篃鐢ㄥ埌闀э紝鍦ㄥ浗澶栵紝縐戝瀹舵妸闀у浣滅墿鐨勪綔鐢ㄨ祴涓?ldquo;瓚呯駭閽?rdquo;鐨勭編縐般€?/span>

2

閾堬紙Ce錛?/span>

" 閾?/span>"榪欎釜鍏冪礌鏄敱寰峰浗浜哄厠鍔蟲櫘緗楁柉錛岀憺鍏鎬漢涔屾柉浼綈鍔涖€佸笇鐢熸牸灝斾簬 1803 騫村彂鐜板茍鍛藉悕鐨勶紝浠ョ邯蹇?/span>1801 騫村彂鐜扮殑灝忚鏄?/span>--璋風鏄熴€?/span>

閾堢殑騫挎硾搴旂敤錛?/span>

(1)閾堜綔涓虹幓鐠冩坊鍔犲墏錛岃兘鍚告敹绱綰夸笌綰㈠綰匡紝鐜板凡琚ぇ閲忓簲鐢ㄤ簬姹借濺鐜葷拑銆備笉浠呰兘闃茬傳澶栫嚎錛岃繕鍙檷浣庤濺鍐呮俯搴︼紝浠庤€岃妭綰︾┖璋冪敤鐢點€備粠 1997 騫磋搗錛屾棩鏈苯杞︾幓鐠冨叏鍔犲叆姘у寲閾堬紝1996騫寸敤浜庢苯杞︾幓鐠冪殑姘у寲閾堣嚦灝戞湁 2000 鍚紝緹庡浗綰?/span>1000 澶氬惃銆?/span>

(2)鐩墠姝e皢閾堝簲鐢ㄥ埌姹借濺灝炬皵鍑€鍖栧偓鍖栧墏涓紝鍙湁鏁堥槻姝㈠ぇ閲忔苯杞﹀簾姘旀帓鍒扮┖姘斾腑緹庡浗鍦ㄨ繖鏂歸潰鐨勬秷璐歸噺鍗犵█鍦熸€繪秷璐歸噺鐨勪笁鍒嗕箣涓€銆?/span>

(3)紜寲閾堝彲浠ュ彇浠i搮銆侀晧絳夊鐜鍜屼漢綾繪湁瀹崇殑閲戝睘搴旂敤鍒伴鏂欎腑錛屽彲瀵瑰鏂欑潃鑹詫紝涔熷彲鐢ㄤ簬娑傛枡銆佹補澧ㄥ拰綰稿紶絳夎涓氥€?/span>鐩墠棰嗗厛鐨勬槸娉曞浗緗楃撼鏅湕鍏嬪叕鍙搞€?/span>

(4)Ce錛歀iSAF嬋€鍏夌郴緇熸槸緹庡浗鐮斿埗鍑烘潵鐨勫浐浣撴縺鍏夊櫒錛岄€氳繃鐩戞祴鑹叉皚閰告祿搴﹀彲鐢ㄤ簬鎺㈡煡鐢熺墿姝﹀櫒錛岃繕鍙敤浜庡尰瀛︺€傞搱搴旂敤棰嗗煙闈炲父騫挎硾錛屽嚑涔庢墍鏈夌殑紼€鍦熷簲鐢ㄩ鍩熶腑閮藉惈鏈夐搱銆傚鎶涘厜綺夈€佸偍姘㈡潗鏂欍€佺儹鐢墊潗鏂欍€侀搱閽ㄧ數鏋併€侀櫠鐡風數瀹瑰櫒銆佸帇鐢甸櫠鐡楓€侀搱紕沖寲紜呯(鏂欍€佺噧鏂欑數姹犲師鏂欍€佹苯娌瑰偓鍖栧墏銆佹煇浜涙案紓佹潗鏂欍€佸悇縐嶅悎閲戦挗鍙婃湁鑹查噾灞炵瓑銆?/span>

3

闀紙Pr錛?/span>

澶х害 160 騫村墠錛岀憺鍏鎬漢鑾寰蜂粠闀т腑鍙戠幇浜嗕竴縐嶆柊鐨勫厓绱狅紝浣嗗畠涓嶆槸鍗曚竴鍏冪礌錛岃帿妗戝痙鍙戠幇榪欑鍏冪礌鐨勬€ц川涓庨暓闈炲父鐩鎬技錛屼究灝嗗叾瀹氬悕涓?/span>“闀ㄩ挄”銆?ldquo;闀ㄩ挄”甯岃厞璇負“鍙岀敓瀛?rdquo;涔嬫剰銆傚ぇ綰﹀張榪囦簡 40 澶氬勾錛屼篃灝辨槸鍙戞槑姹界伅綰辯僵鐨?/span>1885 騫達紝濂ュ湴鍒╀漢闊﹀皵鏂反璧垚鍔熷湴浠?/span>“闀ㄩ挄”涓垎紱誨嚭浜嗕袱涓厓绱狅紝涓€涓彇鍚嶄負“閽?rdquo;錛屽彟涓€涓垯鍛藉悕涓?ldquo;闀?rdquo;銆傝繖縐?ldquo;鍙岀敓瀛?rdquo;琚垎闅斿紑浜嗭紝闀ㄥ厓绱犱篃鏈変簡鑷繁鏂藉睍鎵嶅崕鐨勫箍闃斿ぉ鍦般€傞暔鏄敤閲忚緝澶х殑 紼€鍦熷厓绱狅紝鍏剁敤浜庣幓鐠冦€侀櫠鐡峰拰紓佹€ф潗鏂欎腑銆?/span>

闀ㄧ殑騫挎硾搴旂敤錛?/span>

(1) 闀ㄨ騫挎硾搴旂敤浜庡緩絳戦櫠鐡峰拰鏃ョ敤闄剁摲涓紝鍏朵笌闄剁摲閲夋販鍚堝埗鎴愯壊閲夛紝涔熷彲鍗曠嫭浣滈噳涓嬮鏂欙紝鍒舵垚鐨勯鏂欏憟娣¢粍鑹詫紝鑹茶皟綰銆佹貳闆呫€?/span>

(2)鐢ㄤ簬鍒墮€犳案紓佷綋銆傞€夌敤寤変環鐨勯暔閽曢噾灞炰唬鏇跨函閽曢噾灞炲埗閫犳案紓佹潗鏂欙紝鍏舵姉姘ф€ц兘鍜屾満姊版€ц兘鏄庢樉鎻愰珮錛屽彲鍔犲伐鎴愬悇縐嶅艦鐘剁殑紓佷綋銆傚箍娉涘簲鐢ㄤ簬鍚勭被鐢靛瓙鍣ㄤ歡鍜岄┈杈句笂銆?/span>

(3)鐢ㄤ簬鐭蟲補鍌寲瑁傚寲銆備互闀ㄩ挄瀵岄泦鐗╃殑褰㈠紡鍔犲叆Y鍨嬫哺鐭沖垎瀛愮瓫涓埗澶囩煶娌硅鍖栧偓鍖栧墏錛屽彲鎻愰珮鍌寲鍓傜殑媧繪€с€侀€夋嫨鎬у拰紼沖畾鎬с€傛垜鍥?0騫翠唬寮€濮嬫姇鍏ュ伐涓氫嬌鐢紝鐢ㄩ噺涓嶆柇澧炲ぇ銆?/span>

(4)闀ㄨ繕鍙敤浜庣(鏂欐姏鍏夈€傚彟澶栵紝闀ㄥ湪鍏夌氦棰嗗煙鐨勭敤閫斾篃瓚婃潵瓚婂箍銆?/span>

4

閽曪紙 Nd 錛?/span>

涓轟粈涔?/span>M1鍧﹀厠鑳藉仛鍒板厛鏁屽彂鐜幫紵鍥犱負璇ュ潶鍏嬭澶囩殑鎺洪挄閽囬摑鐭蟲Υ鐭崇殑嬋€鍏夋祴璺濇満錛屽湪鏅存湕鐨勭櫧澶╁彲浠ヨ揪鍒拌繎4000綾崇殑瑙傜瀯璺濈銆傦紙璧勬枡鍥撅級

浼撮殢鐫€闀ㄥ厓绱犵殑璇炵敓錛岄挄鍏冪礌涔熷簲榪愯€岀敓錛岄挄鍏冪礌鐨勫埌鏉ユ椿璺冧簡紼€鍦熼鍩燂紝鍦ㄧ█鍦熼鍩熶腑鎵紨鐫€閲嶈瑙掕壊錛屽茍涓斿乏鍙崇潃紼€鍦熷競鍦恒€?/span>

閽曞厓绱犲嚟鍊熷叾鍦ㄧ█鍦熼鍩熶腑鐨勭嫭鐗瑰湴浣嶏紝澶氬勾鏉ユ垚涓哄競鍦哄叧娉ㄧ殑鐑偣銆傞噾灞為挄鐨勬渶澶х敤鎴鋒槸閽曢搧紜兼案紓佹潗鏂欍€傞挄閾佺〖姘哥浣撶殑闂笘錛屼負紼€鍦熼珮縐戞妧棰嗗煙娉ㄥ叆浜嗘柊鐨勭敓鏈轟笌媧誨姏銆傞挄閾佺〖紓佷綋紓佽兘縐珮錛岃縐頒綔褰撲唬“姘哥涔嬬帇”錛屼互鍏朵紭寮傜殑鎬ц兘騫挎硾鐢ㄤ簬鐢靛瓙銆佹満姊扮瓑琛屼笟銆傞樋灝旀硶紓佽氨浠殑鐮斿埗鎴愬姛錛屾爣蹇楃潃鎴戝浗閽曢搧紜肩浣撶殑鍚勯」紓佹€ц兘宸茶法鍏ヤ笘鐣屼竴嫻佹按騫熾€傞挄榪樺簲鐢ㄤ簬鏈夎壊閲戝睘鏉愭枡銆傚湪闀佹垨閾濆悎閲戜腑娣誨姞1.5锝?.5%閽曪紝鍙彁楂樺悎閲戠殑楂樻俯鎬ц兘銆佹皵瀵嗘€у拰鑰愯厫铓€鎬э紝騫挎硾鐢ㄤ綔鑸┖鑸ぉ鏉愭枡銆傚彟澶栵紝鎺洪挄鐨勯拠閾濈煶姒寸煶浜х敓鐭嘗嬋€鍏夋潫錛屽湪宸ヤ笟涓婂箍娉涚敤浜庡帤搴﹀湪10mm浠ヤ笅钖勫瀷鏉愭枡鐨勭剨鎺ュ拰鍒囧墛銆傚湪鍖葷枟涓婏紝鎺洪挄閽囬摑鐭蟲Υ鐭蟲縺鍏夊櫒浠f浛鎵嬫湳鍒€鐢ㄤ簬鎽橀櫎鎵嬫湳鎴栨秷姣掑垱浼ゅ彛銆傞挄涔熺敤浜庣幓鐠冨拰闄剁摲鏉愭枡鐨勭潃鑹蹭互鍙婃鑳跺埗鍝佺殑娣誨姞鍓傘€傞殢鐫€縐戝鎶€鏈殑鍙戝睍錛岀█鍦熺鎶€棰嗗煙鐨勬嫇灞曞拰寤朵幾錛岄挄鍏冪礌灝嗕細鏈夋洿騫塊様鐨勫埄鐢ㄧ┖闂淬€?/span>

5

閽鳳紙Pm錛?/span>

1947騫達紝椹灄鏂熀(J.A.Marinsky)銆佹牸浼︿腹瀹?L.E.Glendenin)鍜岀閲屽皵(C.E.Coryell)浠庡師瀛愯兘鍙嶅簲鍫嗙敤榪囩殑閾€鐕冩枡涓垚鍔熷湴鍒嗙鍑?1鍙峰厓绱狅紝鐢ㄥ笇鑵婄璇濅腑鐨勭鍚嶆櫘緗楃背淇柉(Prometheus)鍛藉悕涓洪挿(Promethium)銆?/span>閽蜂負鏍稿弽搴斿爢鐢熶駭鐨勪漢閫犳斁灝勬€у厓绱犮€?/span>銆€

閽風殑涓昏鐢ㄩ€旀湁錛?/span>

(1)鍙綔鐑簮銆備負鐪熺┖鎺㈡祴鍜屼漢閫犲崼鏄熸彁渚涜緟鍔╄兘閲忋€?/span>

(2)Pm147鏀懼嚭鑳介噺浣庣殑β灝勭嚎錛岀敤浜庡埗閫犻挿鐢墊睜銆備綔涓哄寮瑰埗瀵間華鍣ㄥ強閽熻〃鐨勭數婧愩€傛縐嶇數姹犱綋縐皬錛岃兘榪炵畫浣跨敤鏁板勾涔嬩箙銆傛澶栵紝閽瘋繕鐢ㄤ簬渚挎惡寮廥-灝勭嚎浠€佸埗澶囪崸鍏夌矇銆佸害閲忓帤搴︿互鍙婅埅鏍囩伅涓€?/span>

6

閽?/span>(Sm)

1879騫達紝娉緷鏂寘寰瘋幈浠庨搶閽囩熆寰楀埌鐨?ldquo;闀ㄩ挄”涓彂鐜頒簡鏂扮殑紼€鍦熷厓绱狅紝騫舵牴鎹繖縐嶇熆鐭崇殑鍚嶇О鍛藉悕涓洪拹銆?/span>

閽愬憟嫻呴粍鑹詫紝鏄仛閽愰挻緋繪案紓佷綋鐨勫師鏂欙紝閽愰挻紓佷綋鏄渶鏃╁緱鍒板伐涓氬簲鐢ㄧ殑紼€鍦熺浣撱€傝繖縐嶆案紓佷綋 鏈?/span>SmCo5緋誨拰Sm2Co17緋諱袱綾匯€?0騫翠唬鍓嶆湡鍙戞槑浜哠mCo5緋?/span>錛?/span> 鍚庢湡鍙戞槑浜?/span>Sm2Co17緋匯€傜幇鍦ㄦ槸浠ュ悗鑰呯殑闇€姹備負涓匯€傞拹閽寸浣撴墍鐢ㄧ殑姘у寲閽愮殑綰害涓嶉渶澶珮錛屼粠鎴愭湰鏂歸潰鑰冭檻錛屼富瑕佷嬌鐢?5%宸﹀彸鐨勪駭鍝併€傛澶栵紝姘у寲閽愯繕鐢ㄤ簬闄剁摲鐢靛鍣ㄥ拰鍌寲鍓傛柟闈€傚彟澶栵紝閽愯繕鍏鋒湁鏍告€ц川錛屽彲鐢ㄤ綔鍘熷瓙鑳藉弽搴斿爢鐨勭粨鏋勬潗鏂欙紝灞忔暆鏉愭枡鍜屾帶鍒舵潗鏂欙紝浣挎牳瑁傚彉浜х敓宸ㄥぇ鐨勮兘閲忓緱浠ュ畨鍏ㄥ埄鐢ㄣ€?/span>

7

閾曪紙Eu錛?/span>

1901騫達紝寰烽┈鍑?Eugene-AntoleDemarcay)浠?ldquo;閽?rdquo;涓彂鐜頒簡鏂板厓绱狅紝鍙栧悕涓洪摃(Europium) 銆?/span>榪欏ぇ姒傛槸鏍規嵁嬈ф床(Europe)涓€璇嶅懡鍚嶇殑銆?/span>

姘у寲閾曞ぇ閮ㄥ垎鐢ㄤ簬鑽у厜綺夈€?/span>Eu3+鐢ㄤ簬綰㈣壊鑽у厜綺夌殑嬋€媧誨墏錛孍u2+鐢ㄤ簬钃濊壊鑽у厜綺夈€?/span>鐜板湪Y2O2S錛?/span>Eu3+鏄彂鍏夋晥鐜囥€佹秱鏁風ǔ瀹氭€с€佸洖鏀舵垚鏈瓑鏈€濂界殑鑽у厜綺夈€?/span>鍐嶅姞涓婂鎻愰珮鍙戝厜鏁堢巼鍜屽姣斿害絳夋妧鏈殑鏀硅繘錛屾晠姝e湪琚箍娉涘簲鐢ㄣ€?/span>榪戝勾姘у寲閾曡繕鐢ㄤ簬鏂板瀷X灝勭嚎鍖葷枟璇婃柇緋葷粺鐨勫彈嬋€鍙戝皠鑽у厜綺夈€?/span>姘у寲閾曡繕鍙敤浜庡埗閫犳湁鑹查暅鐗囧拰鍏夊婊ゅ厜鐗囷紝鐢ㄤ簬紓佹場璐瓨鍣ㄤ歡錛屽湪鍘熷瓙鍙嶅簲鍫嗙殑鎺у埗鏉愭枡銆佸睆鏁濇潗鏂欏拰緇撴瀯鏉愭枡涓篃鑳戒竴灞曡韓鎵嬨€?/span>

8

閽?/span>(Gd)

          閽嗗強鍏跺悓浣嶇礌閮芥槸鏈€鏈夋晥鐨勪腑瀛愬惛鏀跺墏錛屽彲鐢ㄤ簬鏍稿弽搴斿爢鐨勬姂鍒跺墏銆傦紙璧勬枡鍥撅級

1880騫達紝鐟炲+鐨勯┈閲屾牸綰沖厠(G銆俤e Marignac)灝?ldquo;閽?rdquo;鍒嗙鎴愪袱涓厓绱狅紝鍏朵腑涓€涓敱绱㈤噷鐗硅瘉瀹炴槸閽愬厓绱狅紝鍙︿竴涓厓绱犲緱鍒版嘗渚濇柉鍖呭痙鑾辯殑鐮旂┒紜錛?886騫達紝椹噷鏍肩撼鍏嬩負浜嗙邯蹇甸拠鍏冪礌鐨勫彂鐜拌€呫€€鐮旂┒紼€鍦熺殑鍏堥┍鑽峰叞鍖栧瀹跺姞澶氭灄(Gado Linium)錛屽皢榪欎釜鏂板厓绱犲懡鍚嶄負閽嗐€傞拞鍦ㄧ幇浠f妧闈╂柊涓皢璧烽噸瑕佷綔鐢ㄣ€?/span>

瀹冪殑涓昏鐢ㄩ€旀湁錛?/span>

(1)鍏舵按婧舵€ч『紓佺粶鍚堢墿鍦ㄥ尰鐤椾笂鍙彁楂樹漢浣撶殑鏍哥鍏辨尟(NMR)鎴愬儚淇″彿銆?/span>

(2)鍏剁~姘у寲鐗╁彲鐢ㄤ綔鐗規畩浜害鐨勭ず娉㈢鍜寈灝勭嚎鑽у厜灞忕殑鍩鴻川鏍呯綉銆?/span>

(3)鍦ㄩ拞闀撶煶姒寸煶涓殑閽嗗浜庣娉¤蹇嗗瓨鍌ㄥ櫒鏄悊鎯崇殑鍗曞熀鐗囥€?/span>

(4)鍦ㄦ棤Camot寰幆闄愬埗鏃訛紝鍙敤浣滃浐鎬佺鑷村喎浠嬭川銆?/span>

(5)鐢ㄤ綔鎺у埗鏍哥數绔欑殑榪為攣鍙嶅簲綰у埆鐨勬姂鍒跺墏錛屼互淇濊瘉鏍稿弽搴旂殑瀹夊叏銆?/span>

(6)鐢ㄤ綔閽愰挻紓佷綋鐨勬坊鍔犲墏錛屼互淇濊瘉鎬ц兘涓嶉殢娓╁害鑰屽彉鍖栥€?/span>

9

閾斤紙Tb錛?/span>

1843騫寸憺鍏哥殑鑾寰?Karl G銆?/span>Mosander)閫氳繃瀵歸拠鍦熺殑鐮旂┒錛屽彂鐜?/span>閾?/span>鍏冪礌(Terbium)銆?/span>閾界殑搴旂敤澶у娑夊強楂樻妧鏈鍩燂紝鏄妧鏈瘑闆嗐€佺煡璇嗗瘑闆嗗瀷鐨勫皷绔」鐩紝鍙堟槸鍏鋒湁鏄捐憲緇忔祹鏁堢泭鐨勯」鐩紝鏈夌潃璇變漢鐨勫彂灞曞墠鏅€?/span>

涓昏搴旂敤棰嗗煙鏈夛細

(1)鑽у厜綺夌敤浜庝笁鍩鴻壊鑽у厜綺変腑鐨勭豢綺夌殑嬋€媧誨墏錛屽閾芥縺媧葷殑紓烽吀鐩愬熀璐ㄣ€侀摻嬋€媧葷殑紜呴吀鐩愬熀璐ㄣ€侀摻嬋€媧葷殑閾堥晛閾濋吀鐩愬熀璐紝鍦ㄦ縺鍙戠姸鎬佷笅鍧囧彂鍑虹豢鑹插厜銆?/span>

(2)紓佸厜璐瓨鏉愭枡錛岃繎騫存潵閾界郴紓佸厜鏉愭枡宸茶揪鍒板ぇ閲忕敓浜х殑瑙勬ā錛岀敤Tb-Fe闈炴櫠鎬佽杽鑶滅爺鍒剁殑紓佸厜鍏夌洏錛屼綔璁$畻鏈哄瓨鍌ㄥ厓浠訛紝瀛樺偍鑳藉姏鎻愰珮10锝?5鍊嶃€?/span>

(3)紓佸厜鐜葷拑錛屽惈閾界殑娉曟媺絎棆鍏夌幓鐠冩槸鍒墮€犲湪嬋€鍏夋妧鏈腑騫挎硾搴旂敤鐨勬棆杞櫒銆侀殧紱誨櫒鍜岀幆褰㈠櫒鐨勫叧閿潗鏂欍€傜壒鍒槸閾介暆閾佺鑷翠幾緙╁悎閲?TerFenol)鐨勫紑鍙戠爺鍒訛紝鏇存槸寮€杈熶簡閾界殑鏂扮敤閫旓紝Terfenol鏄?0騫翠唬鎵嶅彂鐜扮殑鏂板瀷鏉愭枡錛岃鍚堥噾涓湁涓€鍗婃垚浠戒負閾藉拰闀濓紝鏈夋椂鍔犲叆閽紝鍏朵綑涓洪搧錛岃鍚堥噾鐢辯編鍥戒緷闃垮崕宸為樋濮嗘柉瀹為獙瀹ら鍏堢爺鍒訛紝褰揟erfenol緗簬涓€涓鍦轟腑鏃訛紝鍏跺昂瀵哥殑鍙樺寲姣斾竴鑸鎬ф潗鏂欏彉鍖栧ぇ榪欑鍙樺寲鍙互浣夸竴浜涚簿瀵嗘満姊拌繍鍔ㄥ緱浠ュ疄鐜般€傞摻闀濋搧寮€濮嬩富瑕佺敤浜庡0綰籌紝鐩墠宸插箍銆€娉涘簲鐢ㄤ簬澶氱棰嗗煙錛屼粠鐕冩枡鍠峰皠緋葷粺銆佹恫浣撻榾闂ㄦ帶鍒躲€佸井瀹氫綅鍒版満姊拌嚧鍔ㄥ櫒銆佹満鏋勫拰椋炴満澶┖鏈涜繙闀滅殑璋冭妭鏈虹考璋冭妭鍣ㄧ瓑棰嗗煙銆?/span>

10

闀濓紙Dy錛?/span>

1886騫達紝娉曞浗浜烘嘗渚濇柉鍖呭痙鑾辨垚鍔熷湴灝嗛挰鍒嗙鎴愪袱涓厓绱狅紝涓€涓粛縐頒負閽紝鑰屽彟涓€涓牴鎹粠閽腑“闅句互寰楀埌”鐨勬剰鎬濆彇鍚嶄負闀?dysprosium)銆?/span>闀濈洰鍓嶅湪璁稿楂樻妧鏈鍩熻搗鐫€瓚婃潵瓚婇噸瑕佺殑浣滅敤銆?/span>

闀濈殑鏈€涓昏鐢ㄩ€旀槸錛?/span>

(1)浣滀負閽曢搧紜肩郴姘哥浣撶殑娣誨姞鍓備嬌鐢紝鍦ㄨ繖縐嶇浣撲腑娣誨姞2~3%宸﹀彸鐨勯暆錛屽彲鎻愰珮鍏剁煫欏藉姏錛岃繃鍘婚暆鐨勯渶姹傞噺涓嶅ぇ錛屼絾闅忕潃閽曢搧紜肩浣撻渶姹傜殑澧炲姞錛屽畠鎴愪負蹇呰鐨勬坊鍔犲厓绱狅紝鍝佷綅蹇呴』鍦?5锝?9.9%宸﹀彸錛岄渶姹備篃鍦ㄨ繀閫熷鍔犮€?/span>

(2)闀濈敤浣滆崸鍏夌矇嬋€媧誨墏錛屼笁浠烽暆鏄竴縐嶆湁鍓嶉€旂殑鍗曞彂鍏変腑蹇冧笁鍩鴻壊鍙戝厜鏉愭枡鐨勬縺媧葷瀛愶紝瀹冧富瑕佺敱涓や釜鍙戝皠甯︾粍鎴愶紝涓€涓洪粍鍏夊彂灝勶紝鍙︿竴涓鴻摑鍏夊彂灝勶紝鎺洪暆鐨勫彂鍏夋潗鏂欏彲浣滀負涓夊熀鑹茶崸鍏夌矇銆?/span>

(3)闀濇槸鍒跺澶х鑷翠幾緙╁悎閲戦摻闀濋搧(Terfenol)鍚堥噾鐨勫繀瑕佺殑閲戝睘鍘熸枡錛岃兘浣夸竴浜涙満姊拌繍鍔ㄧ殑綺懼瘑媧誨姩寰椾互瀹炵幇銆?/span>

(4)闀濋噾灞炲彲鐢ㄥ仛紓佸厜瀛樿串鏉愭枡錛屽叿鏈夎緝楂樼殑璁板綍閫熷害鍜岃鏁版晱鎰熷害銆?/span>

(5)鐢ㄤ簬闀濈伅鐨勫埗澶囷紝鍦ㄩ暆鐏腑閲囩敤鐨勫伐浣滅墿璐ㄦ槸紕樺寲闀濓紝榪欑鐏叿鏈変寒搴﹀ぇ銆侀鑹插ソ銆佽壊娓╅珮銆佷綋縐皬銆佺數寮хǔ瀹氱瓑浼樼偣錛屽凡鐢ㄤ簬鐢靛獎銆佸嵃鍒風瓑鐓ф槑鍏夋簮銆?/span>

(6)鐢變簬闀濆厓绱犲叿鏈変腑瀛愪繕鑾鋒埅闈㈢Н澶х殑鐗規€э紝鍦ㄥ師瀛愯兘宸ヤ笟涓敤鏉ユ祴瀹氫腑瀛愯兘璋辨垨鍋氫腑瀛愬惛鏀跺墏銆?/span>

(7)Dy3Al5O12榪樺彲鐢ㄤ綔紓佽嚧鍐風敤紓佹€у伐浣滅墿璐ㄣ€?/span>闅忕潃縐戝鎶€鏈殑鍙戝睍錛岄暆鐨勫簲鐢ㄩ鍩熷皢浼氫笉鏂殑鎷撳睍鍜屽歡浼搞€?/span>

11

閽?/span>(Ho)

鍗佷節涓栫邯鍚庡崐鍙訛紝鐢變簬鍏夎氨鍒嗘瀽娉曠殑鍙戠幇鍜屽厓绱犲懆鏈熻〃鐨勫彂琛紝鍐嶅姞涓婄█鍦熷厓绱犵數鍖栧鍒嗙宸ヨ壓鐨勮繘灞曪紝鏇村姞淇冭繘浜嗘柊鐨勭█鍦熷厓绱犵殑鍙戠幇銆?/span>1879騫達紝鐟炲吀浜哄厠鍒╁か鍙戠幇浜嗛挰鍏冪礌騫朵互鐟炲吀棣栭兘鏂痙鍝ュ皵鎽╁湴鍚嶅懡鍚嶄負閽?holmium)銆?/span>

閽殑搴旂敤棰嗗煙鐩墠榪樻湁寰呬簬榪涗竴姝ュ紑鍙戯紝鐢ㄩ噺涓嶆槸寰堝ぇ錛屾渶榪戯紝鍖呴挗紼€鍦熺爺絀墮櫌閲囩敤楂樻俯楂樼湡絀鴻捀棣忔彁綰妧鏈紝鐮斿埗鍑洪潪紼€鍦熸潅璐ㄥ惈閲忓緢浣庣殑楂樼函閲戝睘閽?/span>Ho/ΣRE>99.9%銆?/span>

鐩墠閽殑涓昏鐢ㄩ€旀湁錛?/span>

(1)鐢ㄤ綔閲戝睘鍗ょ礌鐏坊鍔犲墏錛岄噾灞炲崵绱犵伅鏄竴縐嶆皵浣撴斁鐢電伅錛屽畠鏄湪楂樺帇姹炵伅鍩虹涓婂彂灞曡搗鏉ョ殑錛屽叾鐗圭偣鏄湪鐏場閲屽厖鏈夊悇縐嶄笉鍚岀殑紼€鍦熷崵鍖栫墿銆傜洰鍓嶄富瑕佷嬌鐢ㄧ殑鏄█鍦熺鍖栫墿錛屽湪姘斾綋鏀劇數鏃跺彂鍑轟笉鍚岀殑璋辯嚎鍏夎壊銆傚湪閽伅涓噰鐢ㄧ殑宸ヤ綔鐗╄川鏄鍖栭挰錛屽湪鐢靛姬鍖哄彲浠ヨ幏寰楄緝楂樼殑閲戝睘鍘熷瓙嫻撳害錛屼粠鑰屽ぇ澶ф彁楂樹簡杈愬皠鏁堣兘銆?/span>

(2)閽彲浠ョ敤浣滈拠閾佹垨閽囬摑鐭蟲Υ鐭崇殑娣誨姞鍓傦紱

(3)鎺洪挰鐨勯拠閾濈煶姒寸煶(Ho錛?/span>YAG)鍙彂灝?μm嬋€鍏夛紝浜轟綋緇勭粐瀵?μm嬋€鍏夊惛鏀剁巼楂橈紝鍑犱箮姣擧d錛?/span>YAG楂?涓暟閲忕駭銆?/span>鎵€浠ョ敤Ho錛?/span>YAG嬋€鍏夊櫒榪涜鍖葷枟鎵嬫湳鏃訛紝涓嶄絾鍙互鎻愰珮鎵嬫湳鏁堢巼鍜岀簿搴︼紝鑰屼笖鍙嬌鐑崯浼ゅ尯鍩熷噺鑷蟲洿灝忋€?/span>閽櫠浣撲駭鐢熺殑鑷敱鍏夋潫鍙秷闄よ剛鑲€屼笉浼氫駭鐢熻繃澶х殑鐑噺錛屼粠鑰屽噺灝戝鍋ュ悍緇勭粐浜х敓鐨勭儹鎹熶激錛屾嵁鎶ラ亾緹庡浗鐢ㄩ挰嬋€鍏夋不鐤楅潚鍏夌溂錛屽彲浠ュ噺灝戞偅鑰呮墜鏈殑鐥涜嫤銆?/span>鎴戝浗2μm嬋€鍏夋櫠浣撶殑姘村鉤宸茶揪鍒板浗闄呮按騫籌紝搴斿ぇ鍔涘紑鍙戠敓浜ц繖縐嶆縺鍏夋櫠浣撱€?/span>

(4)鍦ㄧ鑷翠幾緙╁悎閲慣erfenol-D涓紝涔熷彲浠ュ姞鍏ュ皯閲忕殑閽紝浠庤€岄檷浣庡悎閲戦ケ鍜岀鍖栨墍闇€鐨勫鍦恒€?/span>

(5)鍙﹀鐢ㄦ幒閽殑鍏夌氦鍙互鍒朵綔鍏夌氦嬋€鍏夊櫒銆佸厜綰ゆ斁澶у櫒銆佸厜綰や紶鎰熷櫒絳夌瓑鍏夐€氳鍣ㄤ歡鍦ㄥ厜綰ら€氫俊榪呯寷鐨勪粖澶╁皢鍙戞尌鏇撮噸瑕佺殑浣滅敤銆?/span>

12

閾?/span>(Er)

1843騫達紝鐟炲吀鐨勮帿妗戝痙鍙戠幇浜嗛搾鍏冪礌(Erbium)銆傞搾鐨勫厜瀛︽€ц川闈炲父紿佸嚭錛屼竴鐩存槸浜轟滑鍏蟲敞鐨勯棶棰橈細

(1)Er3+鍦?550nm澶勭殑鍏夊彂灝勫叿鏈夌壒孌婃剰涔夛紝鍥犱負璇ユ嘗闀挎濂戒綅浜庡厜綰ら€氳鐨勫厜瀛︾氦緇寸殑鏈€浣庢崯澶憋紝閾掔瀛?Er3+)鍙楀埌娉㈤暱980nm銆?480nm鐨勫厜嬋€鍙戝悗錛屼粠鍩烘€?I15/2璺冭縼鑷抽珮鑳芥€?I13/2錛屽綋澶勪簬楂樿兘鎬佺殑Er3+鍐嶈穬榪佸洖鑷沖熀鎬佹椂鍙戝皠鍑?550nm娉㈤暱鐨勫厜錛岀煶鑻卞厜綰ゅ彲浼犻€佸悇縐嶄笉鍚屾嘗闀跨殑鍏夛紝浣嗕笉鍚岀殑鍏夊厜琛扮巼涓嶅悓錛?550nm棰戝甫鐨勫厜鍦ㄧ煶鑻卞厜綰や腑浼犺緭鏃跺厜琛板噺鐜囨渶浣?0.15鍒嗚礉/鍏噷)錛屽嚑涔庝負涓嬮檺鏋侀檺琛板噺鐜囥€?/span>鍥犳錛屽厜綰ら€氫俊鍦?550nm澶勪綔淇″彿鍏夋椂錛屽厜鎹熷け鏈€灝忋€?/span>榪欐牱錛屽鏋滄妸閫傚綋嫻撳害鐨勯搾鎺哄叆鍚堥€傜殑鍩鴻川涓紝鍙緷鎹縺鍏夊師鐞嗕綔鐢紝鏀懼ぇ鍣ㄨ兘澶熻ˉ鍋塊€氳緋葷粺涓殑鎹熻€楋紝鍥犳鍦ㄩ渶瑕佹斁澶ф嘗闀?550nm鍏変俊鍙風殑鐢佃緗戠粶涓紝鎺洪搾鍏夌氦鏀懼ぇ鍣ㄦ槸蹇呬笉鍙皯鐨勫厜瀛﹀櫒浠訛紝鐩墠鎺洪搾鐨勪簩姘у寲紜呯氦緇存斁澶у櫒宸插疄鐜板晢涓氬寲銆?/span>鎹姤閬擄紝涓洪伩鍏嶆棤鐢ㄧ殑鍚告敹錛屽厜綰や腑閾掔殑鎺烘潅閲忓嚑鍗佽嚦鍑犵櫨ppm銆?/span>鍏夌氦閫氫俊鐨勮繀鐚涘彂灞曪紝灝嗗紑杈熼搾鐨勫簲鐢ㄦ柊棰嗗煙銆?/span>銆€

(2)鍙﹀鎺洪搾鐨勬縺鍏夋櫠浣撳強鍏惰緭鍑虹殑1730nm嬋€鍏夊拰1550nm嬋€鍏夊浜虹殑鐪肩潧瀹夊叏錛屽ぇ銆€姘斾紶杈撴€ц兘杈冨ソ錛屽鎴樺満鐨勭鐑熺┛閫忚兘鍔涜緝寮猴紝淇濆瘑鎬уソ錛屼笉鏄撹鏁屼漢鎺㈡祴錛岀収灝勫啗浜嬬洰鏍囩殑瀵規瘮搴﹁緝澶э紝宸插埗鎴愬啗浜嬩笂鐢ㄧ殑瀵逛漢鐪煎畨鍏ㄧ殑渚挎惡寮忔縺鍏夋祴璺濅華銆?/span>銆€

(3)Er3+鍔犲叆鍒扮幓鐠冧腑鍙埗鎴愮█鍦熺幓鐠冩縺鍏夋潗鏂欙紝鏄洰鍓嶈緭鍑鴻剦鍐茶兘閲忔渶澶э紝杈撳嚭鍔熺巼鏈€楂樼殑鍥轟綋嬋€鍏夋潗鏂欍€?/span>

(4)Er3+榪樺彲鍋氱█鍦熶笂杞崲嬋€鍏夋潗鏂欑殑嬋€媧葷瀛愩€?/span>

(5)鍙﹀閾掍篃鍙簲鐢ㄤ簬鐪奸暅鐗囩幓鐠冦€佺粨鏅剁幓鐠冪殑鑴辮壊鍜岀潃鑹茬瓑銆?/span>

13

閾?/span>(Tm)

閾ュ厓绱犳槸1879騫寸憺鍏哥殑鍏嬪埄澶彂鐜扮殑錛屽茍浠ユ柉鍫開閭g淮浜?Scandinavia)鐨勬棫鍚峊hule鍛藉悕涓洪摜(Thulium)銆?/span>

閾ョ殑涓昏鐢ㄩ€旀湁浠ヤ笅鍑犱釜鏂歸潰錛?/span>

(1)閾ョ敤浣滃尰鐢ㄨ交渚縓鍏夋満灝勭嚎婧愶紝閾ュ湪鏍稿弽搴斿爢鍐呰緪鐓у悗浜х敓涓€縐嶈兘鍙戝皠X灝勭嚎鐨勫悓浣嶇礌錛屽彲鐢ㄦ潵鍒墮€犱究鎼哄紡琛€娑茶緪鐓т華涓婏紝榪欑杈愬皠浠兘浣塊摜-169鍙楀埌楂樹腑瀛愭潫鐨勪綔鐢ㄨ漿鍙樹負閾?170錛屾斁灝勫嚭X灝勭嚎鐓у皠琛€娑插茍浣跨櫧琛€緇嗚優涓嬮檷錛岃€屾鏄繖浜涚櫧緇嗚優寮曡搗鍣ㄥ畼縐繪鎺掑紓鍙嶅簲鐨勶紝浠庤€屽噺灝戝櫒瀹樼殑鏃╂湡鎺掑紓鍙嶅簲銆?/span>

(2)閾ュ厓绱犺繕鍙互搴旂敤浜庝復搴婅瘖鏂拰娌葷枟鑲跨槫錛屽洜涓哄畠瀵硅偪鐦ょ粍緇囧叿鏈夎緝楂樹翰鍚堟€э紝閲嶇█鍦熸瘮杞葷█鍦熶翰鍚堟€ф洿澶э紝灝ゅ叾浠ラ摜鍏冪礌鐨勪翰鍚堝姏鏈€澶с€?/span>

(3)閾ュ湪X灝勭嚎澧炴劅灞忕敤鑽у厜綺変腑鍋氭縺媧誨墏LaOBr錛?/span>Br(钃濊壊)錛岃揪鍒板寮哄厜瀛︾伒鏁忓害錛屽洜鑰岄檷浣庝簡X灝勭嚎瀵逛漢鐨勭収灝勫拰鍗卞錛屼笌浠ュ墠閽ㄩ吀閽欏鎰熷睆鐩告瘮鍙檷浣嶺灝勭嚎鍓傞噺50%錛岃繖鍦ㄥ尰瀛﹀簲鐢ㄥ叿鏈夐噸瑕佺幇瀹炵殑鎰忎箟銆?/span>

(4)閾ヨ繕鍙湪鏂板瀷鐓ф槑鍏夋簮閲戝睘鍗ょ礌鐏仛娣誨姞鍓傘€?/span>

(5)T m3+鍔犲叆鍒扮幓鐠冧腑鍙埗鎴愮█鍦熺幓鐠冩縺鍏夋潗鏂欙紝榪欐槸鐩墠杈撳嚭鑴夊啿閲忔渶澶э紝杈撳嚭鍔熺巼鏈€楂樼殑鍥轟綋嬋€鍏夋潗鏂欍€?/span>Tm3+涔熷彲鍋氱█鍦熶笂杞崲嬋€鍏夋潗鏂欑殑嬋€媧葷瀛愩€?/span>

14

闀?/span>(Yb)

1878騫達紝鏌ュ皵鏂?Jean Charles)鍜岄┈鍒╂牸綰沖厠(G.deMarignac)鍦?ldquo;閾?rdquo;涓彂鐜頒簡鏂扮殑紼€鍦熷厓绱狅紝榪欎釜鍏冪礌鐢變紛鐗瑰繀(Ytterby)鍛藉悕涓洪暠(Ytterbium)銆?/span>

闀辯殑涓昏鐢ㄩ€旀湁錛?/span>

(1)浣滅儹灞忚斀娑傚眰鏉愭枡銆傞暠鑳芥槑鏄懼湴鏀瑰杽鐢墊矇縐攲灞傜殑鑰愯殌鎬э紝鑰屼笖鍚暠闀€灞傛瘮涓嶅惈闀遍晙灞傛櫠綺掔粏灝忥紝鍧囧寑鑷村瘑銆?/span>

(2)浣滅鑷翠幾緙╂潗鏂欍€?/span>榪欑鏉愭枡鍏鋒湁瓚呯鑷翠幾緙╂€у嵆鍦ㄧ鍦轟腑鑶ㄨ儉鐨勭壒鎬с€?/span>璇ュ悎閲戜富瑕佺敱闀?閾佹哀浣撳悎閲戝強闀?閾佹哀浣撳悎閲戞瀯鎴愶紝騫跺姞鍏ヤ竴瀹氭瘮渚嬬殑閿幫紝浠ヤ究浜х敓瓚呯鑷翠幾緙╂€с€?/span>

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15

闀?/span>(Lu)

1907騫達紝闊﹀皵鏂反璧拰灝よ礉鎭?G.Urbain)鍚勮嚜榪涜鐮旂┒錛岀敤涓嶅悓鐨勫垎紱繪柟娉曚粠“闀?rdquo;涓張鍙戠幇浜嗕竴涓柊鍏冪礌錛岄煢灝旀柉宸磋但鎶婅繖涓厓绱犲彇鍚嶄負Cp(Cassiopeium)錛屽挨璐濇仼鏍規嵁宸撮粠鐨勬棫鍚峫utece灝嗗叾鍛藉悕涓篖u(Lutetium)銆傚悗鏉ュ彂鐜癈p鍜孡u鏄悓涓€鍏冪礌錛屼究緇熶竴縐頒負闀ャ€?/span>

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16

閽?/span>(Y)

1788騫達紝涓€浣嶄互鐮旂┒鍖栧鍜岀熆鐗╁銆佹敹闆嗙熆鐭崇殑涓氫綑鐖卞ソ鑰呯憺鍏稿啗瀹樺崱灝?middot;闃塊浄灝間箤鏂?Karl Arrhenius)鍦ㄦ柉寰峰摜灝旀懇婀懼鐨勪紛鐗瑰繀鏉?Ytterby)錛屽彂鐜頒簡澶栬璞℃播闈掑拰鐓や竴鏍風殑榛戣壊鐭跨墿錛屾寜褰撳湴鐨勫湴鍚嶅懡鍚嶄負浼婄壒蹇呯熆(Ytterbite)銆?794騫磋姮鍏板寲瀛﹀綰︾堪·鍔犲鏋楀垎鏋愪簡榪欑浼婄壒蹇呯熆鏍峰搧銆傚彂鐜板叾涓櫎閾嶃€佺銆侀搧鐨勬哀鍖栫墿澶栵紝榪樺惈鏈?8%鐨勬湭鐭ュ厓绱犵殑姘у寲鐗╂灒“鏂板湡”銆?797騫達紝鐟炲吀鍖栧瀹跺焹鍏嬭礉鏍?Anders Gustaf Ekeberg)紜浜嗚繖縐?ldquo;鏂板湡”錛屽懡鍚嶄負閽囧湡(Yttria錛岄拠鐨勬哀鍖栫墿涔嬫剰)銆?/span>

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17

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